About 8,500 years old stone buildings found by archaeologists are record old for the area of the United Arab Emirates. They also take us to times when the conditions there were quite different from today.
Neolithic structures have been found on Ghagha Island off the coast of Abu Dhabi. So they come from the younger Stone Age, during which there was the so-called the Neolithic Revolution. It was then that our ancestors began to move away from the hunter-gatherer lifestyle, moving on to creating settlements, farming and breeding animals.
8500 years old neolithic history
Thanks to analyzes of carbon isotopes found in the fragments of charcoal discovered on the site, scientists concluded that the described structure is 500 years older than the record-breaking structure found in the United Arab Emirates. The earlier building, considered to be the oldest, was located on the Marawah Island.
Both finds testify to the long history of exploitation of the Middle East, and more precisely the modern territory of the United Arab Emirates. Thanks to them, we know that people inhabited these areas already 8,500 years ago, and it may be possible to move this border even further. Moreover, Neolithic settlements existed there before the development of trade in the area.
Among other conclusions from the research on this matter, one can also pay attention to as emphasized by Mohamed Al Mubarak from DCT Abu Dhabi. The historical relationship of the UAE inhabitants with the sea. Before this discovery, it was believed that people settled in this territory in the later Neolithic period. This would allegedly involve the expansion of long-distance sea trade routes.
Ghagha, an area where archaeologists have recently operated, was allegedly the site of a small community that erected the found homes. The people of that time inhabited the island all year round. Researchers identified, among other things, rounded rooms with remains of one meter high walls and stone arrowheads. This suggests that members of this community continued to obtain food through hunting. They also made extensive use of what was nearby - the waters of the Persian Gulf, which gave them access to fish and seafood.
The fertile areas of the Middle East
It is not clear how long the settlement was inhabited, but a grave dating back to about five thousand years has been found within it. Most likely, the burial took place after the permanent residents had left this place, but the discovery of the remains shows that our ancestors still ventured into this area. It is known that they were much greener then and to a small extent resembled today's barren areas of the United Arab Emirates.